How to write an integration test

See also: Integration testing

This document demonstrates how to write an integration test for juju.

First, navigate to https://github.com/juju/juju/tree/develop/tests/suites.

In this directory, create a subdirectory named after the integration test suite you want to use. Let’s call ours example_integration_test_suite.

In your test suite directory, create a file called task.sh. This file typically includes a skip block, a line where you set verbosity, a block where you check dependencies, then a bootstrapping block, a test-listing block, and a tear-down block. An example is given below. Note: The various blocks are created using multiple test includes (e.g., destroy-controller).

test_examples() {
	if [ "$(skip 'test_examples')" ]; then
		echo "==> TEST SKIPPED: example tests"
		return
	fi

	set_verbosity

	echo "==> Checking for dependencies"
	check_dependencies juju

	file="${TEST_DIR}/test-example.log"

	bootstrap "test-example" "${file}"

	# Test that need to be run are added here!
	test_example
	test_other

	destroy_controller "test-example"
}

Also in your test suite directory, create a <test name>.sh file for every integration test you want to write. For example, we’ll create one called example_integration_test, with contents as below. This file consists of a series of subtests (below, run_example1 and run_example2) and a main function (below, test_example), which is the entrypoint to your integration test and which contains some standard logic and also runs the subtests.

run_example1() {
	# Echo out to ensure nice output to the test suite.
	echo

	# The following ensures that a bootstrap juju exists
	file="${TEST_DIR}/test-example1.log"
	ensure "example1" "${file}"

	# Run your checks here
	echo "Hello example 1!" | check "Hello example 1!"

	# Clean up!
	destroy_model "example1"
}

run_example2() {
	echo

	file="${TEST_DIR}/test-example2.log"
	ensure "example2" "${file}"

	echo "Hello example 2!" | check "Hello example 2!"

	destroy_model "example2"
}

test_example() {
	if [ -n "$(skip 'test_example')" ]; then
		echo "==> SKIP: Asked to skip example tests"
		return
	fi

	(
		set_verbosity

		cd .. || exit

		run "run_example1"
		run "run_example2"
	)
}

When you are done with your test file, navigate to https://github.com/juju/juju/tree/develop/tests, open the main.sh file (which is the entrypoint to your integration testing overall) and add your test suite name to the TEST_NAMES variable.

Finally, run your integration test, following the instructions at https://github.com/juju/juju/tree/develop/tests . Essentially, what you need to do is as below:

./main.sh [<suite_name> [<test_name>]]

Last updated a month ago.