Command 'juju integrate'
juju integrate [options] <application>[:<relation>] <application>[:<relation>]
Integrate two applications.
--debug (= false)
Equivalent to --show-log --logging-config==DEBUG
-h, --help (= false)
Show help on a command or other topic.
--logging-config (= "")
Specify log levels for modules
--quiet (= false)
Show no informational output
--show-log (= false)
If set, write the log file to stderr
--verbose (= false)
Show more verbose output
-m, --model (= "")
Model to operate in. Accepts
[<controller name>:]<model name>|<model UUID>
--via (= "")
For cross model integrations, specify the egress subnets for outbound traffic
Integrate two applications. Integrated applications communicate over a common interface provided by the Juju controller that enables units to share information. This topology allows units to share data, without needing direct connectivity between units is restricted by firewall rules. Charms define the logic for transferring and interpreting integration data.
The most common use of
juju integrate specifies two applications that co-exist
within the same model:
juju integrate <application> <application>
Occasionally, more explicit syntax is required. Juju is able to integrate units that span models, controllers and clouds, as described below.
Integrating applications in the same model
The most common case specifies two applications, adding specific endpoint name(s) when required.
juju integrate <application>[:<endpoint>] <application>[:<endpoint>]
The role and endpoint names are described by charms’
The order does not matter, however each side must implement complementary roles. One side implements the “provides” role and the other implements the “requires” role. Juju can always infer the role that each side is implementing, so specifying them is not necessary as command-line arguments.
<application> is the name of an application that has already been added to the
model. The Applications section of
juju status provides a list of current
<endpoint> is the name of an endpoint defined within the metadata.yaml
of the charm for
<application>. Valid endpoint names are defined within the
“provides:” and “requires:” section of that file. Juju will request that you
<endpoint> if there is more than one possible integration between
the two applications.
Subordinate applications are designed to be deployed alongside a primary application. They must define a container scoped endpoint. When that endpoint is related to a primary application, wherever a unit of the primary application is deployed, a corresponding unit of the subordinate application will also be deployed. Integration with the primary application has the same syntax as integration any two applications within the same model.
Integrations within an application between units (known as “peer integrations”) do
not need to be added manually. They are created when the
juju add-unit and
juju scale-application commands are executed.
Applications can be integrated, even when they are deployed to different models. Those models may be managed by different controllers and/or be hosted on different clouds. This functionality is known as “cross-model integration” or CMI.
Cross-model integrations: different model on the same controller
Integrating applications in models managed by the same controller is very similar to adding an integration between applications in the same model:
juju integrate <application>[:<endpoint>] <model>.<application>[:<endpoint>]
<model> is the name of the model outside of the current context. This enables the
Juju controller to bridge two models. You can list the currently available
To integrate models outside of the current context, add the
-m <model> option:
juju integrate -m <model> <application>[:<endpoint>] \ <model>.<application>[:<endpoint>]
Cross-model integrations: different controllers
Applications can be integrated with a remote application via an “offer URL” that has been generated by the ‘juju offer’ command. The syntax for adding a cross-model integration is similar to adding a local integration:
juju integrate <application>[:<endpoint>] <offer-endpoint>
<offer-endpoint> describes the remote application, from the point of view of the
local one. An
<offer-endpoint> takes one of two forms:
<offer-alias> is an alias that has been defined by the
juju consume command.
juju find-offers command to list aliases.
<offer-url> is a path to enable Juju to resolve communication between
controllers and the models they control.
<controller> is the name of a controller. The
juju controllers command
provides a list of controllers.
<user> is the user account of the model’s owner.
Cross-model integration: network management
When the consuming side (the local application) is behind a firewall and/or NAT is used for outbound traffic, it is possible to use the ‘–via’ option to inform the offering side (the remote application) the source of traffic to enable network ports to be opened.
... --via <cidr-subnet>[,<cidr-subnet>[, ...]]
# Integrate wordpress and percona-cluster, asking Juju to resolve # the endpoint names. Expands to "wordpress:db" (with the requires role) and # "percona-cluster:server" (with the provides role). juju integrate wordpress percona-cluster # Integrate wordpress and postgresql, using an explicit # endpoint name. juju integrate wordpress postgresql:db # Integrate an etcd instance within the current model to centrally managed # EasyRSA Certificate Authority hosted in the "secrets" model juju integrate etcd secrets.easyrsa # Integrate a wordpress application with a mysql application hosted within the # "prod" model, using the "automation" user. Facilitate firewall management # by specifying the routes used for integration data. juju integrate wordpress automation/prod.mysql --via 192.168.0.0/16,10.0.0.0/8
consume find-offers set-firewall-rule suspend-integration
Last updated 3 months ago.